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by:
Ni Putu Elly Listari, Amd.Kep

 

Editor & Layout:
Tim Web UPT.Puskesmas Kuta I

Knowing STI Prevention and Control Program
 

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Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is one of the causes of health problems, social and economic development in many countries. Nearly 500 million new cases of STIs occur each year worldwide. Many STI is a disease that can be prevented or treated.

In the control of HIV, can be explained that STI is the entrance of HIV infections, particularly syphilis, which has become a global problem. Syphilis can increase the risk of contracting HIV to 300-fold.

Based on the results of the Integrated Survey and Biological Behavior that has been done, it can be seen if the incidence of STIs, especially syphilis, gonorrhea and / or Chlamydia is still high on key populations at risk of STIs. This will impact on the general public who are likely to have a couple at-risk groups above.

Not to mention the development of the use of condoms for people who are infected with at risk STIs consistently has very low. The incident occurred in all key populations. So as to trigger high incidence of STIs.

Therefore it is implemented STI prevention and control program which aims to reduce morbidity and mortality associated with IMS, preventing HIV infection, prevent serious complications in women and prevent the bad effects of pregnancy

Sexually transmitted infections, in addition to HIV infection raises the burden of morbidity and mortality, especially in developing countries with limited resources, either directly impacting on quality of life, reproductive health and children as well as indirectly through its role in facilitating the sexual transmission, infection HIV and its impact on the economy.

The spectrum of health problems caused STI ranging from mild acute illness to painful lesions and psychological disorders. For example, infection with N.gonorrhea cause pain during urination (dysuria) in men, and lower abdominal pain acute or chronic in women.

The same thing also happened to infection by T. paliidum, although painless in its early stages, but can cause a variety of neurological disorders, cardiovascular and bone disorders later in life, as well as abortion in pregnant women with acute infection. This happens when a person does not get appropriate treatment.

Preventing and treating sexually transmitted infections could reduce the risk of HIV transmission through sexual intercourse, especially in populations most likely to have multiple sexual partners, such as sex workers and their clients.

The existence of STI with a form of inflammation or ulceration of the entry will increase the risk of HIV infection when having unprotected sex with a person who has been infected with STIs with a partner who is not infected. Especially with someone who had suffered from a history of genital ulcers (sores in the genital area) is estimated to increase the risk of contracting HIV 50-300 times while having sex without a condom.

Sexually transmitted infections are preventable causes of infertility, especially in women. Between 10% - 40% of women with untreated Chlamydia infection will experience pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Damage to the fallopian tubes after infection plays a role in female infertility 30-40% and 6-10 times the possibility of an ectopic pregnancy interrupted. PRP preventive role in the prevention of maternal deaths due to ectopic pregnancy and prevention of infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) will reduce the mortality rate of women is mainly due to cervical cancer.

Besides, untreated STIs, often associated with congenital or perinatal infections in neonates, particularly in areas with high infection rates. Pregnant women with untreated early syphilis, 25% resulted in fetal death and 14% of deaths in neonates.

While pregnancy in women with untreated gonococcal infection, by 30% would lead to spontaneous abortion and premature birth and up to 10% will lead to perinatal death. In the absence of prevention efforts, 30% -50% of babies born to mothers with gonorrhea without treatment will experience neonatal ophthalmia can cause blindness.

By knowing the side effects of STI expected people want to come to the health facilities to perform routine checks IMS either already have symptoms or are asymptomatic. Lets come to our STI clinic in Puskesmas Kuta I. We can examine you to laboratory check for blood and vaginal swab for STI. Example for lab examination:
- Vaginal Swab : IDR. 207.500
- Chlamydia : IDR. 1.050.000
- Syphilis : IDR. 57.500


Source :Pedoman Nasional Penanganan Infeksi Menular Seksual , 2015
www.bkkbn.go.id/.../Kemenkes%20[Compatibility%20Mode]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Government of Badung Regency
Health Department
Kuta I Public Health Center

Raya Kuta Street, No. 117, Badung, Bali, Indonesia
Phone (+62) 751311
Email: info@puskesmaskutasatu.com