AIDS stands for Acquired Immuno Deficiency
Syndrome, which means a group of diseases which arise
due to decreased immunity / endurance. While HIV (Human
immunodeficiency virus), the virus that causes AIDS.
HIV infection is distinguished from AIDS in terms of
time period and the occurrence of symptoms. A person
is said to be suffering from HIV infection when the
body was discovered the HIV virus (through blood tests),
but not yet showing symptoms of the disease. Someone
was diagnosed with AIDS when his body was found in the
HIV virus and have shown symptoms of the disease due
to a decrease in his / her immunity.
People infected with HIV usually do
not show specific symptoms, just a feeling of fatigue,
frequent cough, colds or respiratory infections, sometimes
accompanied by enlarged lymph nodes. This condition
lasts up to 5-10 years. During this period, the HIV
virus lowers the immune system by destroying CD4 cells,
which is one of the cells that play an important role
in immunity. When the number of CD4 cells is not sufficient
then the various types of bacterial or viral infection
will easily infect others. As a result, began to emerge
various complaints of diseases caused by a decrease
in immunity. The variety of diseases complaints as a
syndrome. Some of the symptoms of the disease that often
occurs in people with AIDS include: long cough (>
3 weeks), fever, prolonged diarrhea, weight loss, shortness
of breath, a fungal infection of the mouth and throat,
and another infections.
The HIV viruses are most founded on the blood, vaginal
fluid, semen, and breast milk. HIV transmission occurs
through four ways, namely:
(1). Through the use of hypodermic needles innings,
(2). Unsafe sexual relations,
(3). Through the process of childbirth and mother's
(4). Blood transfusion.
To know the HIV status of someone,
client / patient should go through the stages of HIV
counseling and testing. Globally, an estimated half
of people living with HIV do not know his / her HIV
status. The purpose of counseling and HIV testing is
to be able to identify people living with HIV as soon
as possible and providing access to care, treatment
HIV counseling and testing should following the globally
principles that namely 5 basic components or 5C (informed
consent; confidentiality; counseling; correct test
results; connections to care, treatment and prevention
5C principle should be applied to all models VCT services.
1. Informed Consent, is approval will
be an act of laboratory tests of HIV given by the patient
/ client or guardian after getting and understanding
the explanation which is given by health workers about
2. Confidentiality, is the All contents
information or counseling between clients and inspectors
or counselors and laboratory test results will not be
disclosed to other parties without consent of the patient
/ client. Confidentiality can be distributed to health
care providers that will treat patients for the health
care benefit, according to indications of disease.
3. Counselling,is a process of dialogue
between the counselor and client aims to provide information
that is clear and understandable to the client or patient.
Counselors provide information,time, attention and expertise,
to help clients to learn their self,recognize and perform
troubleshooting on the given environmental constraints.HIV
counseling services must be fitted with HIV and AIDS
information, good quality of pre testing counseling,Post
test counseling and testing.
4. Correct test results. The test results
must be accurate. HIV testing should follow the national
standard regulations of HIV testing. The test results
must be communicated as soon as possible
to the patient / client in person by health worker who
give the HIV testing.
5. Connections to, care, treatment
and prevention services. Patient / client should be
connected or referred to prevention, care, support and
treatment of HIV-supported with a good referral system
Implementation of HIV counseling and testing, is a service
to find out their HIV infection a person's body. This
service can be held in government health services and
the private sector. HIV counseling and testing preceded
by a dialogue between the client / patient and counselor
/ health worker with the purpose of providing information
about HIV and AIDS and improve decision making related
to HIV testing.
Do not be afraid to take HIV tests
especially if ever do risk of HIV infection. Let's take
an HIV counseling and testing before it's too late.
You can come to our clinic namely Rijasa VCT Clinic
Puskesmas Kuta I. We provide VCT examination and the
cost about IDR 165.000. You can waiting about 1 hour
for the result.
Source : Permenkes No 51 tahun 2013
dan Permenkes 87 tahun 2014
of Badung Regency
Kuta I Public Health Center
Street, No. 117, Badung, Bali, Indonesia
Phone (+62) 751311